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Archive for the ‘SLES’ Category

SLES 11 SP1 Hangs on Boot with Oracle Listener

February 3rd, 2015 Comments off

Every once in a while you might experience boot issues if you have configured Oracle to automatically start the listener, instance and agent in the /etc/sysconfig/oracle.

There might be few reasons for this to happen.

In my case after some troubleshooting I noticed that the tnsnames.ora file was configured to use an IP address rather than hostname.

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Categories: Database, Linux, Oracle, SLES Tags:

ls xargs rm

June 4th, 2012 2 comments

I keep forgetting the proper xargs arguments when I need them.
My intention today was to list old backup files based on the year time stamp and remove them.
Here is the one liner that works specifically because I have named my backups with the dd-mm-yyyy convention:

[root@webserver1 httpd]# ls -latf|grep 2009|xargs -L 1 rm

Here is a better approach that is independent from the file naming convention:

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Categories: Linux, SLES, SSH Tags:

Extending VMDK file and resizing the partition – SLES 10 Linux

April 7th, 2009 Comments off

1. ESXi 3.5 Extending the VMDK file [Virtual Machine Hard Disk]

The main reason behind this is the fact that I needed more space for 2 more Oracle databases on a SLES10 Linux system. The partition mounted on /u01 was initially created as 21GB but I quickly depleted the space with 3 oracle 10g databases that took more than 17GB and the space left was not sufficient for the 2 new databases that I had to create.

Before I advanced with the extension of the VMDK file I connected to each separate instance and performed “shutdown immediate” command as sysdba.
Then I stopped the listener, dbconsole, isqlplus and once I confirmed that no oracle related processes were present on the system I performed a shutdown “shutdown -h now”.

In order to extend an existing hard drive attached to a virtual machine you have to make sure no snapshots of the virtual machine are present. I know that this is quite uncomfortable considering the risky operation that you are about to perform but there is a work around. (The work around is not in this post, so please let me know if you are interested or simply search for it. There is a good chance that I will have an article concerning that topic)

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Arcconf Bash Reporting Script

February 24th, 2009 4 comments

Monitor your RAID Controller at all times!
There is no need to tell you that Monitoring your RAID is of great importance.

Another important thing that I would like to say is that RAID is Not a Backup solution.

So just don’t use it is one or the chances are you will recall these words with bitter regret when you least expect it.
The above sounds like a curse, doesn’t it 🙂
And “when you least expect it” could be an uncomfortable period time for you [no internet, vacation to a deserted destination with no network coverage what so ever, no laptop or mobile device that could allow you to react,… here you can let your imagination lose for a moment and you might get a grasp of all the bad moments to have a RAID problem, or any other problem with your service but this article focuses on the RAID…]

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Categories: Linux, SLES, SSH Tags: , , , , ,

Oracle 10g RAC on ESXi3 using SLES9 SP5 – Part 10

February 20th, 2009 3 comments

When I finished the clusterware install in the lab environment I have continued with the database software itself but it appears that I needed a VMware ESXi Update 3 required! The kernel version of SLES failed verification and upon an upgrade of the kernel through YAST both machines were unusable since they would not boot.

This is an obstacle until completed since I can’t continue with the How-to until this is done.

In Part 9 of the Oracle RAC How-to we have completed successfully the installation of the Oracle Clusterware services on the shared storage for the two Suse Linux Enterprise Server 9 SP5 nodes.

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Oracle 10g RAC on ESXi3 using SLES9 SP5 – Part 9

February 16th, 2009 Comments off

Verify the Oralce Clusterware Installation

With the introduction of Oracle RAC 10g, cluster management is controller by the evmd, ocssd and crsd processes.
Run the ps command on both nodes to make sure that the processes are running.


rac01:/u01/clusterware/cluvfy # ps -ef |grep d.bin
root 4694 1 0 Feb13 ? 00:00:00 /u01/crs1020/bin/crsd.bin reboot
oracle 5242 4692 0 Feb13 ? 00:00:00 /u01/crs1020/bin/evmd.bin
oracle 5344 5326 0 Feb13 ? 00:00:00 /u01/crs1020/bin/ocssd.bin
root 20078 10946 0 09:44 pts/1 00:00:00 grep d.bin

Next you should check the /etc/inittab file, which is processed whenever the runlevel changes:

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Oracle 10g RAC on ESXi3 using SLES9 SP5 – Part 8

February 16th, 2009 3 comments

Oracle Clusterware Installation

Install the xntpd service and configure it.
You can use the Yast management console to do so.
It is extremely important that both nodes are configured to use ntp server and that they are regularly being updated.
If there is any difference at all within the date of all nodes this could result into inoperable cluster.

1. Copy the cpio.gz file to the first node and unzip the contents of the cpio file


#gunzip 10201_clusterware_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz
#cpio -idmv < 10201_clusterware_linux_x86_64.cpio

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Oracle 10g RAC on ESXi3 using SLES9 SP5 – Part 7

February 15th, 2009 2 comments

Configuring and Using Raw Partitions for the Oracle Shared Storage

For the purpose of my cluster I will use raw partitions that are shared disks on the ESXi host.
First I will identify my needs for shared disks and them will create them and format them accordingly.

After some high level overview of my requirements I have created the following list of required files:

asm01.vmdk = 6GB [ ORADATA ]
asm02.vmdk = 2GB [Application data]
asm03.vmdk = 4GB [FLASH]
ocr.vmdk = 256MB [Cluster Registry]
voting.vmdk = 40MB [Voting disk]
spfile.vmdk = 16MB [Parameter configuration]

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Oracle 10g RAC on ESXi3 using SLES9 SP5 – Part 6

February 14th, 2009 Comments off

Linux OS Parameters

Here is the list of the required parameters for clusterware and oracle database 10g

Parameter Value File
semmsl semmns semopm semmni 25 032 000 100 128 /proc/sys/kernel/sem
shmmax The minimum of the following (4 GB – 1 byte), or half the size of physical memory (in bytes), whichever is lower. /proc/sys/kernel/shmmax
shmmni 4096 /proc/sys/kernel/shmmni
shmall 2097152 /proc/sys/kernel/shmall
file-max 65536 /proc/sys/fs/file-max
ip_local_port_range Minimum: 1024 Maximum: 65000 /proc/sys/net/ipv4/ip_local_port_range
rmem_default 262144 /proc/sys/net/core/rmem_default
rmem_max 4194304 /proc/sys/net/core/rmem_max
wmem_default 262144 /proc/sys/net/core/wmem_default
wmem_max 4194304 /proc/sys/net/core/wmem_max

In order to check the values in your system use the sysctl command.
You will probably get the following results from the default kernel configuration:

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Oracle 10g RAC on ESXi3 using SLES9 SP5 – Part 5

February 14th, 2009 Comments off

Configuring SSH access for the oracle user for Remote installation

Login as the oracle user and generate keys for ssh authentication without passwords.
I usually check the /etc/ssh/sshd_config file to make sure I have the proper configuration in place.
I usually disable the DNS check since it causes the ssh to timeout.

UseDNS no

Now I will generate the ssh keys with no password

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